International Committee of

Defining Critical Thinking

Date of publication: 2017-08-22 02:02

The spectrum of research activities is wide and can include evaluation studies, intervention studies, clinical audits, large scale multicentre clinical trials, and patient satisfaction studies. Research activities can use qualitative or quantitative research methods, or a combination of both. However, each of these activities must be conducted according to the established 'rules' of the research process in order to be considered research.

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Communicate the evidence for management, diagnosis or screening to patients in a manner that is both understandable to the patient and is patient centred.

Designing Rubrics for Assessing Higher Order Thinking

A web is a visual map that shows how different categories of information relate to one another. Webbing is a brainstorming method that provides structure for ideas and facts, creating a flexible framework for idea development, organizing and prioritizing.

Critical Thinking

An outline is a preliminary summary of written work, typically organized in headings and subheadings. Used to organize one&rsquo s thoughts and information related to a project or paper, outlining helps students clarify their ideas and demonstrate their thinking process behind an essay or report. Structuring and organizing large amounts of information in an outline is the first step in the writing process.

Demonstrate continual refinement and development of a rational approach to prescribing and ordering investigations, which may include the use of tools such as clinical audits.

Describe the basic statistical techniques for describing and interpreting results of research (eg. p values, confidence intervals, absolute and relative risk, positive and negative predictive value, number needed to treat, sensitivity and specificity) and be able to use these terms when critically appraising research results.

There is then an affective disposition to plan and take action in order for the critical thinking to act as a guide to behavior. The conative components of goal-setting and self-regulation must be activated in order to develop and implement a plan of action. As action is taken it results in feedback from the environment and a corresponding increase in procedural knowledge. This new learning is then available as either necessary corrective action is taken to guide action toward the desired goal based on beliefs or a new situation presents itself that requires additional critical thinking.

Demonstrate the ability to use basic statistical techniques for describing and interpreting results of research (eg. p values, confidence intervals, absolute and relative risk, positive and negative predictive value, number needed to treat, sensitivity and specificity) and be able to use these terms when critically appraising research results.

Describe and analyse, using critical thinking skills, the harm caused by system errors and failure, and recognise and manage adverse events and near misses.

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Acknowledge uncertainty (to self and patients) in clinical practice, without forgoing the efforts to decrease uncertainty where feasible and necessary.

Critical Skill #6: They are committed lifelong learners and learn from each of their experiences. They use their experiences to enable them to think better on strategic issues.

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